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Why did Russia’s reforms during reconstruction fail?

One of the most extraordinary experiences I had in my life was having lived in Russia from 1986 to 1993. ​​Mikhail Gorbachev and the Communist Party’s initial idea was to reform socialism, not overthrow it, modernize it, and bring prosperity to the Soviet Union. However, as the Russian saying goes, “We wanted to do our best, but everything went as usual.”
1. Reconstruction implemented freedom of the press (glasnost) without having prepared the people for it in advance. This turned the country into complete chaos. Russians living in the diaspora returned and fostered division and anti-patriotism. Files of Stalin’s horrific mistakes were opened, but many of them were exaggerated. In the universities, Scientific Communism was changed to Social Sciences and promoted the exchange of ideas in the classrooms without verifying the facts.
2. Privatization began in a disorganized way and without any premeditated planning. Corruption took over this whole process. The factories stopped producing in favor of imports. The factory directors put the few products they still produced on the black market, causing everything to disappear from the state stores. This created a great deal of discontent in the population. Sellers of real estate bought most of the properties and homeless their owners. Suddenly, the country found itself in the situation that foreigners were the owners of Russia. The European Union donated hundreds of products to Russia, such as refined olive oil, but they were distributed on the black market.
3. Devaluation of the ruble became another element of Corruption and mafia warfare. 4. Many communists at heart were executed, and many others committed suicides. 5. Billionaires, suddenly, seized all Russia’s natural resources until Putin nationalized them. 6. In mafia wars, in Saint Petersburg alone, nearly two hundred thousand young people died protecting the interests of corrupt communists and emerging tycoons.
7. People sitting at home without working or contributing with their knowledge to society, and simply because they had connections, became owners of one of the world’s richest country in natural resources. These individuals were the main culprits for the failure of what may have been the example or model for the third world’s peoples to follow.
Today, Cuba is committed to showing to the third world, that transforming the totalitarian socialism into a democratic one, modernizing the country by mixing the state economy with the private one, and allowing a representative democracy to flourish without the great convulsions caused by direct democracy. Cuba has the necessary skills to build a prosperous, social, and green society. In my next article, I will comment on the mistakes that Cuba has already made.
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