Why did Russia’s reforms during reconstruction fail?
One of the most extraordinary experiences I had in my life was having lived in Russia from 1986 to 1993. Mikhail Gorbachev and the Communist Party’s initial idea was to reform socialism, not overthrow it, modernize it, and bring prosperity to the Soviet Union. However, as the Russian saying goes, “We wanted to do our best, but everything went as usual.”
1. Reconstruction implemented freedom of the press (glasnost) without having prepared the people for it in advance. This turned the country into complete chaos. Russians living in the diaspora returned and fostered division and anti-patriotism. Files of Stalin’s horrific mistakes were opened, but many of them were exaggerated. In the universities, Scientific Communism was changed to Social Sciences and promoted the exchange of ideas in the classrooms without verifying the facts.
2. Privatization began in a disorganized way and without any premeditated planning. Corruption took over this whole process. The factories stopped producing in favor of imports. The factory directors put the few products they still produced on the black market, causing everything to disappear from the state stores. This created a great deal of discontent in the population. Sellers of real estate bought most of the properties and homeless their owners. Suddenly, the country found itself in the situation that foreigners were the owners of Russia. The European Union donated hundreds of products to Russia, such as refined olive oil, but they were distributed on the black market.
3. Devaluation of the ruble became another element of Corruption and mafia warfare. 4. Many communists at heart were executed, and many others committed suicides. 5. Billionaires, suddenly, seized all Russia’s natural resources until Putin nationalized them. 6. In mafia wars, in Saint Petersburg alone, nearly two hundred thousand young people died protecting the interests of corrupt communists and emerging tycoons.
7. People sitting at home without working or contributing with their knowledge to society, and simply because they had connections, became owners of one of the world’s richest country in natural resources. These individuals were the main culprits for the failure of what may have been the example or model for the third world’s peoples to follow.
Today, Cuba is committed to showing to the third world, that transforming the totalitarian socialism into a democratic one, modernizing the country by mixing the state economy with the private one, and allowing a representative democracy to flourish without the great convulsions caused by direct democracy. Cuba has the necessary skills to build a prosperous, social, and green society. In my next article, I will comment on the mistakes that Cuba has already made.
More from ContributorsMore posts in Contributors »
More from Daniel NicholasMore posts in Daniel Nicholas »
- Social Justice is not about gender; it’s Justice for all; by Norbert Govin
- Robert Smalls, recognized for his bravery and skill, became one of the first African American pilots in the United States Navy.Robert Smalls, recognized for his bravery and skill, became one of the first African American pilots in the United States Navy.
- Why did Russia’s reforms during reconstruction fail?
More from EuropeMore posts in Europe »
- Spanish Health Ministry to propose exemptions for mask-wearing while at beach
- The West waits for Putin’s next move as Russia-Ukraine tensions rise
- Russia: Navalny on hunger strike to protest prison treatment
- Russia suspected of stealing thousands of State Department emails
- Madrid’s nightlife rages on despite pandemic: ‘These parties give me life’
- Russia Warns NATO Aggression Must ‘Never Be Repeated’ as U.S. Rallies Alliance; Russia will retaliateRussia Warns NATO Aggression Must ‘Never Be Repeated’ as U.S. Rallies Alliance; Russia will retaliate
More from Social NewsMore posts in Social News »
- Covid-19 deaths in Africa decrease, but famine is a threat
- Santiago de Cuba to celebrate Cuban son and Miguel Matamoros
- Habano Cigar Festival to be virtually held in May
- U.S.-China cooperation vital for faster global recovery
- With Joe Biden, there is an opportunity to normalize relations with Cuba again
- Comecon and the Collapse of the Cuban Economy
More from The Green FactorMore posts in The Green Factor »